View of one of the solitary confinement cells, in the Small Fortress prison, now a memorial, in Terezin, Czech Republic, on October 30, 2017.
The so-called "small fortress" built in the late 18th century, was used as a prison by the Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei, the secret police of Nazi Germany) from 1940 to 1945 in what was then occupied Czechoslovakia. 32,000 prisoners, of whom 5,000 were female, passed through the prison. It was separate from and unrelated to the Jewish ghetto and concentration camp in the main fortress nearby. Inmates included political prisoners, resistance fighters, Jews, and later prisoners of war from all over Europe. Most were deported to death camps. / AFP PHOTO / John MACDOUGALL (Photo credit should read JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)