Former IAS officer Alphons Kannanthanam takes the oath during the swearing-in ceremony of new ministers at the Presidential Palace in New Delhi on September 03, 2017. 
Prime Minister Narendra Modi named a female legislator as India's new defence minister on September 3, the first time a woman has been appointed to the key portfolio overseeing border tensions with China and Pakistan.
 / AFP PHOTO / Prakash SINGH        (Photo credit should read PRAKASH SINGH/AFP/Getty Images)