A student studies in the library at Bogazici university in Istanbul, Turkey, on Saturday, July 23, 2016. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan clashed with academics earlier this year, then more than 1,000 of them signed a petition calling for peace in the southeast and criticizing the government's handling of the state's long-running battle with its Kurdish population. Photographer: Danielle Villasana/Bloomberg via Getty Images