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CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 8. One of the minaret of the Mausoleum of Barquq is seen from the top of the northern minaret in the City of Dead on February 08, 2006 in Islamic Cairo, Egypt. The building was completed in 1411 and the tombs chambers contain the bodies of Barquq who was moved from his mosque along with his son and the woman of the family. Cairo is still the heart of Egypt and is allegorically called "the Mother of World" Greater Cairo's population is estimated at between 18 and 22 million, roughly a quarter of Egypt's total. Some 62 slums and squatter settlements alone are home to about five million people. And there are countless numbers of people living in the ancient cemeteries known as the City of the Dead. The massive and continual increase in the number of people has overwhelmed the city. Housing shortages are rife, buses are packed to the hilt, snarled traffic paralyses life in the city and broken pipes spew water and sewage into the streets. Everything i s discolored , buildings, buses and footpaths are brown and grew from smog and desert dust. (Photo by Marco Di Lauro/Getty Images)

CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 8. One of the minaret of the Mausoleum of Barquq is seen from the top of the northern minaret in the City of Dead on February 08, 2006 in Islamic Cairo, Egypt. The building was completed in 1411 and the tombs chambers contain the bodies of Barquq who was moved from his mosque along with his son and the woman of the family. Cairo is still the heart of Egypt and is allegorically called "the Mother of World" Greater Cairo's population is estimated at between 18 and 22 million, roughly a quarter of Egypt's total. Some 62 slums and squatter settlements alone are home to about five million people. And there are countless numbers of people living in the ancient cemeteries known as the City of the Dead. The massive and continual increase in the number of people has overwhelmed the city. Housing shortages are rife, buses are packed to the hilt, snarled traffic paralyses life in the city and broken pipes spew water and sewage into the streets. Everything i s discolored , buildings, buses and footpaths are brown and grew from smog and desert dust. (Photo by Marco Di Lauro/Getty Images)