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Muhammad 'Ali. (b. 1769, Kavala, Macedonia, Ottoman Empire [now in Greece]--d. Aug. 2, 1849, in Alexandria). Muhammad was viceroy and pasha of Egypt and founded rule there from the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century.

Muhammad 'Ali. (b. 1769, Kavala, Macedonia, Ottoman Empire [now in Greece]--d. Aug. 2, 1849, in Alexandria). Muhammad was viceroy and pasha of Egypt and founded rule there from the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century.