File Photo: West German School Children On The Way To School Come Across The Berlin Wall Being Opened With Two East German Border Guards During The Collapse Of Communism In East Berlin On November 14, 1989. November, 1999 Marks The 10Th Anniversary Of The Fall Of The Berlin Wall. East Germany's Communist Government Erected The Berlin Wall In August 1961. The Wall Fell After Weeks Of Massive Anti-Government Protests On November 9, 1989. The Fall Of The Berlin Wall Is Often Described As The "End Of The Cold War." East German Border Guards Shot 77 People Who Tried To Escape To The West Over The Wall During The Course Of Its Existence.  (Photo By Stephen Jaffe/Getty Images)