American author, biographer, historian, and diplomat Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 - November 28, 1859) (centre sitting in black suit) with literary friends, circa 1830. L - R; Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., William Gilmore Simms, Fitz-Greene Halleck, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Nathaniel Parker Willis, William Hickling Prescott, (Irving), James Kirke Paulding, Ralph Waldo Emerson, William Cullen Bryant, John Pendleton Kennedy, James Fenimore Cooper, George Bancroft. From an original engraving by Geo.E.Perine. (Photo by Kean Collection/Getty Images)