Edward Gibbon, British historian, 1773 (1956). Gibbon (1737-1794) was an influential historian who wrote The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. From the National Portrait Gallery, London. A print from People, a volume about the origin and early history of many things, common and less common, essential and inessential, by Readers Union, the Grosvenor Press, London, 1956. (Photo by The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images)