King John signing the Magna Carta at Runnymede, Surrey, 15 June 1215 (1864). John (1167?-1216) became King of England in 1199. The Angevin kings of England, Henry II, Richard I and John arbitrarily abused feudal rights. The nobility forced King John to sign the Magna Carta, guaranteeing their restoration. (Photo by Ann Ronan Pictures/Print Collector/Getty Images)