Herds of cattle graze on pastures created by migrant colonizers close to Puerto Maldonado, considered as  the Peruvian capital of biodiversity, some 1,660 kilometres (995 miles) southeast of Lima on October 2, 2014. In a few years, illegal mining and deforestation by the advance of new has wiped out about 58 thousand hectares of forested areas, poisoning rivers with 30 to 40 tons of mercury being dumped into its basins every year. AFP PHOTO/CRIS BOURONCLE        (Photo credit should read CRIS BOURONCLE/AFP/Getty Images)