circa 1860:  American writer Herman Melville (1819-1891), whose works include 'Typee', 1846; 'White Jacket', 1850; 'Moby Dick', 1851; 'Billy Budd'; 'Foretopman' was left unpublished at his death (published in 1924). He worked as a U.S. customs inspector at New York docks from 1866-85.  (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)