The twenty-one defendants at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial sitting in the dock awaiting sentencing, Nuremberg, Germany. Among the defendants are, (front row; L-R): Hermann Goering (1893-1946), who received the death penalty; Rudolf Hess (1894-1987), life imprisonment; and Joachim von Ribbentrop (1893-1946), death, October 1946. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)