UNITED STATES - FEBRUARY 01:  Marie CURIE (1867-1934) and Owen D. YOUNG, director of New York's Federal Reserve. Marie CURIE discovered radium in 1893 with her husband, Pierre Curie (they won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903, along with Henri Becquerel). Marie was the first woman to hold a university chair (1906). She obtained the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911.  (Photo by Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images)