STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN - OCTOBER 4: (L-R) Photos of the winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics David J Thouless, F Duncan M Haldane and J Michael Kosterlitz are seen on a screen during a press conference held to announce the winner of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden on October 4, 2016.  (Photo by Atila Altuntas/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
In this undated handout photo provided by the University of Cambridge, David James Thouless, a University of Washington emeritus professor of physics poses for a photo. Thouless, along with F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz have won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work studying the phases and states of matter.  (Photo by Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge via Getty Images)
PRINCETON, NJ - OCTOBER 4: Princeton University professor F. Duncan Haldane, who was awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics, laughs during a toast in his honor during a reception following a press conference on the campus of Princeton University, October 4, 2016 in Princeton, New Jersey. Haldane was recognized 'for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.' Haldane shares the Nobel Prize in Physics with David Thouless of the University of Washington and J. Michael Kosterlitz of Brown University. According to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the three scientists used advanced mathematical methods to study unusual phases, or states, of matter, such as superconductors, superfluids or thin magnetic films. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
Winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics John Michael Kosterlitz poses at Aalto University in Espoo, on October 4, 2016. Kosterlitz works currently as a visiting professor at Aalto University.  
British-born scientists David J Thouless, F Duncan Haldane and J Michael Kosterlitz won the Nobel Physics Prize 2016 for revealing the secrets of exotic matter, the Nobel jury said. / AFP / Lehtikuva / Roni Rekomaa / Finland OUT        (Photo credit should read RONI REKOMAA/AFP/Getty Images)