HAIDA GWAII (QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS), BRITISH COLUMBIA,  CANADA - AUGUST 17: Remnant of an old longhouse pole in the Haida village site of T'aanuu Llnagaay, August 17, 2008. Within the boundaries of Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, T'aanuu is a Haida Heritage Site on the east side of Tanu Island. The name refers to a type of sea grass found nearby. At one time, there were between 25 to 40 longhouses in the village. The Haida population pre-contact was around 10,000. With contact and the introduction of diseases such as small pox, the Haida population fell to near extinction to under 1,000 people.  (Photo by Farah Nosh/Getty Images)