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STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN - OCTOBER 4: (L-R) Photos of the winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics David J Thouless, F Duncan M Haldane and J Michael Kosterlitz are seen on a screen as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Goran K. Hansson (C) announces the winner of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden on October 4, 2016. (Photo by Atila Altuntas/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN - OCTOBER 4: (L-R) Photos of the winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics David J Thouless, F Duncan M Haldane and J Michael Kosterlitz are seen on a screen as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Goran K. Hansson (C) announces the winner of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden on October 4, 2016.  (Photo by Atila Altuntas/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)