Mark Carney, governor of the Bank of England (BOE), gestures while speaking during the bank's quarterly inflation report news conference in the City of London, U.K., on Thursday, Aug. 2, 2018. The BOE lifted its benchmark interest rate to the highest since 2009 and policy makers put on a united front to say that further tightening will be needed to rein in inflation. Photographer: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg via Getty Images